The voltage you see on the neutral wire is being conducted via that other load from the hot wire. Though the neutral wire is said to have zero volt, if you touch that wire on a live system, you will quickly discover that having zero voltage is not the same as having no electricity present.
Because they are all connected through the system ground, all neutral wires in the same grounded electrical system should have the same electrical potential. With a few notable exceptions, neutral wires are typically insulated for the same voltage as line conductors.
Why Does My Neutral Wire Have Voltage
The neutral wire is defined as having a voltage of 0V. And each phase has a voltage relative to neutral of 115V in the United States and 230V in much of Europe. Depending on the sort of mains distribution system in your country, the neutral cable may be linked to the earth at the power company.
Keep in mind, however, that just because the neutral wire is connected to the ground does not mean it is at earth potential. This is because a return current may be flowing in the neutral wire, causing a voltage at your end of the neutral line due to the resistance in the wire.
Amount of Voltage on My Neutral
A common measurement of neutral-to-ground voltage in most office situations is around 1.5V. If the reading is high (more than 2V to 3V), the branch circuit may be overloaded. Another possibility is that the panel’s neutral is overloaded.
Current in Neutral Wire
In most nations, power is delivered to houses as a single-phase supply direct from the local area transformer. Each home is wired to a single-phase line, and the return current is sent back to the transformer through the neutral line. As a result, whatever current travels through the supply line also flows through the neutral.
Neutral Wire and Ground
Never connect the neutral and ground wires. This is incorrect and potentially hazardous. When you connect something into an outlet, the neutral becomes live because it completes the circuit. However, if something goes wrong and the neutral is disconnected, the device becomes unsafe.
Voltage Between Hot and Ground
120 volts is measured between the source hot and ground, and 120 volts between the hot lead and ground when the switch is turned on. Again 19 volts are received from neutral to ground in the lightbox when the light is turned off. There are 90 volts from hot to neutral with or without the bulb.
How to Test a Neutral Wire
Using a color-coding chart to identify a neutral wire is not the most efficient way. However, it is the simplest way to detect a neutral wire. The neutral wires are color-coded blue. This is the code that applies to electrical wires manufactured after 2006.
Before 2006, neutral wires were color-coded black. In rare circumstances, electrical lines from 2004 may additionally feature black neutral wires. It is because, although the new color-coding system has been in use since 2004, it was not obligatory.
Neutral Light Bulb
In a normal circumstance, with the neutral route intact, 120 volts would be measured across the light bulb or receptacle. Because both sides of the light (hot and neutral) are the same in this scenario, there is no potential difference (voltage), and the bulb does not light up.
Frequently Asked Questions
What happens if neutral is open?
There is a disconnection in the white wire when you have an open neutral at a specific device. Electricity can still be sent to the gadget through the hot wire, but it cannot be returned to the panel. The device may not operate then, but you will receive a jolt from it since it is electrified.
It is also essential to remember that in many countries, the main plug we use may be flipped 180 degrees, placing the line where the neutral was intended to be. This means that with these types of systems, you can never be sure if your neutral is indeed neutral or line.