Filter circuits are used to pass only certain frequency components. In the RC low pass filter, only low-frequency components are passed, High frequency gets attenuated. There are different types of filter circuits used such as High pass, Bandpass, Bandstop, etc. This article gives the idea about low pass filter using resistor-capacitor combination.

__Circuit Diagram __

__Low Pass Filter (Lpf) Working__

- Which allow to pass low frequency components and attenuates high frequency components
- The capacitive reactance Xc=1/(C(2πf). That is capacitive reactance decreases with increase in frequency
- Now at the high frequency, the capacitor act as a virtual short circuit which directs the input signal to ground thus the output falls to zero
- At low frequency, Capacitor acts as open circuit, and the entire signal appear at the output

- By observing above wave form we can see that the Amplitude decreases when frequency increases

## Integrator Working

- Same circuit can be used as an Integrator
- An Integrator does the mathematical operation ‘Integration’ on the input signal

- The time constant RC is very high as compared to time period of input signal
- When pulse waveform is applied to the circuit, capacitor charges through the resistor and hence the output voltage buildup
- When the input is terminated capacitor starts to discharge.
- Thus we get a Triangular waveform

- As the value of RC increases amplitude of the output decreases (See above fig) because it take more time to charge and discharge

## Components Pinout

## Conclusion

This is a simple RC low pass filter that can also be used as an integrator. Filtering is a crucial part of any practical electronic project to remove noise. Following this tutorial, you can simply fabricate and use it as a part of your project.

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